In Lindholm Høje

On 23 August 2018, after my visits in Fyrkat and centre of Aalborg, I had possibility to see one of the most interesting and beautiful Danish archaeological sites – Iron Age and Viking Age cemeteries in Lindholm Høje. On the glade surrounded by forest are located numerous boat-shaped stone settings in which cremation graves were discovered. In them were were found various metal objects, including jewellery and weaponry.

This place seemed to full of old mysteries and stories. I wondered how all of these funerals, after which remained only ‘stone boats’, might look like? What emotions could evoke in mourners these burials?

Further reading:

Ramskou T. 1976: Lindholm Høje Gravpladsen, København.


In Ålborg

On 23 August 2018, after my visit in Fyrkat (near Hobro), I moved to nice city Aalborg. I saw there part of harbour and several very nice streets in the centre.

In Fyrkat

On 23 August 2018 I visited beautifully located Viking Center Fyrkat, majestic Viking Age ring fortress and nice Museum in Hobro. In the Viking Center I saw several nice reconstructions of Viking Age houses as well I observed several re-enactors weaving there. Then I went to Viking ring fortress which is located about 2 km from above mentioned settlement. In my opinion reconstruction of Viking Age house, cemetery and reconstructed ring fortress are very impressive. I spent there some time walking and photographing this wonderful place. After that I visited small museum in Hobro located in very nice old house. In attic of this museum is located small exhibition on prehistory and Viking Age. In Viking Age exhibition can be found very interesting artefacts discovered in ring fortes as well separate showcase devoted only to fascinating grave 4 from Fyrkat (see more details below).

In the Viking Center Fyrkat

Viking Ring Fortress in Fyrkat

Viking Age ring fortress in Fyrkat is one of seven constructions of this type which were discovered in Denmark and Southern Sweden. It consist of high circular embankment divided inside by straight roads for four squares. Inside each square were located four houses of Trelleborg-type (marked by white stones in the photos). What is interesting nearby ring fortress was located cemetery on which was discovered rich furnished grave of woman (more details below). Currently, all graves discovered in Fyrkat are marked by average white stones with Roman numerals.

In Hobro Museum

Hobro Museum is located in the centre of Hobro and near old church. In this small museum, located in charming old house are presented two main exhibition: first concerning Modern Age (on ground floor) and second devoted to Prehistory and the Viking Age (first floor). On exhibition concerning Prehistory and early historical times, are presented very interesting artefacts from Stone Age, Bronze Age (e.g. two stones with nice petroglyphs), Iron Age and fascinating artefacts which was found in and near fortress in Fyrkat.

Grave 4 from Fyrkat

Nearby northern side of magnificent fortress in Fyrkat was discovered a Viking Age cemetery. Among different graves, was found captivating grave of woman who was buried in a wagon-body and was equipped with inter alia bronze bowl, decorated bronze Gotlandic box brooch, two silver toe-rings, small silver chair (amulet?), silver pendants, shears, roasting spit, oak chest. According to specialist in Viking Age mortuary practices, this woman was probably ritual specialist and dealt with complex magic practices known as seiðr (see new interpretation of this grave in Gardeła 2016: 73-74).

Small key from Fyrkat

In above mentioned fortress was discovered one and tinny object – a key. This unique artefact belongs to the special type which was in the majority manufactured on Gotland. What is interesting these basket-shaped handles of these keys are analogous  to ‘upper’ parts of puzzling object known as staffs which were connected with seiðr magic (see more in Gardeła 2016: 102).  When I saw this object for the first time, I was very surprised by its size. I wondered how small was a chest which it opened and what was application of this box.

Further reading:

Gardeła L. 2016: (Magic) Staffs in the Viking Age, Wien.

Price N. 2002: The Viking Way: Religion and War in Late Iron Age Scandinavia, Uppsala.

Roesdahl E. 1977: Fyrkat en jysk vikingeborg II: Oldsagerne og gravpladsen, København.

In the Zoological Museum of Kiel University

On 21 August 2018 I visited for the first time the Zoological Museum Kiel. I visited there very interesting exhibition concerning i.a. history of zoology in Kiel, marine mammals and exotic birds. I was enraptured with big, bright room dedicated to whales and biodiversity. In it can be observed various skeletons or specimens of these animal species which allowed us to observe how differentiate animal world really is. During my long and nice visit in the Zoological Museum Kiel I learned a lot of interesting facts concerning seabird and other species of animals.

In the Zoological Museum Kiel






Wind-Licht-Objekt in the Morning (Kunst in Kiel Vol. II)

During my over year stay in Kiel I had possibility to photograph numerous buildings and sculptures. On the end of my research stay, I decided to choose several buildings and sculptures (located on open-air) and photograph they in close-ups and during specified time. First post I dedicated to Audimax of University of Kiel and next I would like to devote to my favourite open-air sculpture in Kiel – ‘Wind-Licht-Objekt’ (described on some websites as ‘Licht wird Objekt’). This sculpture was manufactured by two artists Hermann Göpfert and Johannes Peter Hölzinger in 1971/1995 (see Rönnau 2011: 218-219). I really like this sculpture which resembles me shape of perfect golden spiral. During my numerous visits I observed numerous moving parts of this sculpture which beautifully reflected sky, clouds, sun, water of Kleiner Kiel and surrounding architecture. I visited this outstanding kinetic sculpture several times in 2015, 2016 and 2017 and 2018 (see gallery ‘Architektur in Kiel IV‘, ‘Architektur in Kiel V‘, ‘Licht wird Objekt’). I photographed again this wonderful sculpture on 15 Aust 2018 but for the fist time in the light of rising sun. For more photos of this exquisite sculpture visit my Behance gallery.

[Rönnau J. 2011: Open Air Galerie Kiel: Kunst und Denkmäler, Neumünster: Wachholtz Verlag]


Storm over Audimax (Kunst in Kiel Vol. I)

During my over year stay in Kiel I had possibility to photograph numerous buildings and sculptures. On the end of my research stay, I decided to choose several buildings and sculptures (located on open-air) and photograph they in close-ups and during specified time. First chapter of this small project I devoted to building of  Auditorium Maximum (Audimax) of University of Kiel. This interesting building was designed by Wilhelm Nevelig and built in 1969 in the central part of campus on Christian-Albrechts-Platz 2. Every day, when I worked in my office in Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology I have possibility to observe unusual white facade of Audimax and how it changed during different daytimes and seasons. To this post I chose photos which I took on the beginning of storm on 28 July 2018.  For more photos of Audimax visit my Behance gallery.

Information concerning design of Audimax were taken from Lisei Ziesmer article ‘Das Audimax‘ which was published on University of Kiel website.

Mondfinsternis in Kiel

In the night of 27 July 2018 I had possibly to observe exquisite lunar eclipse. It was unforgettable experience to see how moon changed its colour from bloody red to bright grey.

Kieler Vögel II

During my stay in Kiel I had numerous possibilities to observe different species of birds. However the most often I saw two species of geese Canada goose (Branta canadensis) and greylag goose (Anser anser). I noticed that these different birds gathered near Sport Centre of University of Kiel or Kleiner Kiel and there formed different flocks.

When I am working in my office I have also possibility to observe some wild species of birds. In the area of University of Kiel, I noted beautifully singed common blackbirds (Turdus merula), screaming carrion crows (Corvus corone) or numerous noisy Caspian gulls (Larus cachinnans), European herring gulls (Larus argentatus) and black-headed gulls (Chroicocephalus ridibundus). I observed herring gulls or carrion crows really like to sit on a top of  Auditorium Maximum and observe area. In my opinion, when crow or gull sitting in this place it looks very majestic and powerful.

Ducks in Schleswig

On 4 July I visited Schleswig to examined bird bones from World Heritage site in Hedeby/Haithabu. Before my visit in zoological laboratory I had possibility, for the fist time ever, to observe pair of tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula). After my work, I also noted pair of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) with chicks.

Tufted duck (Aythya fuligula)

Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)

Kieler Woche 2018

In Kiel between 16 and 24 June  the yearly organised event Kieler Woche took place. This event was mainly focused on sailing contest and presentations of different kinds of sailing boats. However during it also numerous concerts, food related events or lectures took place. I had possibility to visit area of this festival two times (on 16 June and 23 June). It was very nice to listen some bands on Junge Bühne, saw gymnastic show or to observe magnificent sailing ships and sailing boats during Windjammerparade. That was my second Kieler Woche. Photos from previous edition in 2015 are presented in the post ‘Die Windjammerparade‘.

Kieler Woche, 16.06.2018

On this day I had possibility to listen a very nice concert of StandBild on Junge Bühne. I also visited other areas of the festival.

Kieler Woche, 23.06.2018

On 23 June I had possibility to observe very nice Windjammerparade and various species of sea birds.