In a pine forest

On 19 August 2019, I visited Łukowa, Hutki and Krasnobród located in eastern Poland. In Łukowa, I went for a short walk with my dog. We walked in a beautiful pine forest full of wonderful heathers and blueberries which growing between high trees. This type of forest reminds me of this in Ulanów (Poland). In my childhood, I spent there a lot of time in summer. Then, I used to walk collecting cones, moose, lichens and colourful fungi. I used them to create a small forest garden in front of the wooden cabin in which I lived. I was wonderful to walk again in this nice pine forest and remind the events from the past. Later, I kayaked a little bit in Hutki. We drifted downstream a river named Wieprz. It was a thrilling experience to manoeuvre in a narrow river and between trunks, branches and roots of trees. In the afternoon, we decided to spend time near the lake in Krasnobród. We walked around this nice lake. Later, I decided to polish there my kayak skills.

 

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In Small Towns

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 26th July, I visited several beautiful small towns. In Voitsberg, I saw ruins of castle Obervoitsberg. What is interesting, by the path to the castle are located twenty-four boards including presentation of local legends which were illustrated by different artists.

Later, I saw the interesting and colourful Saint Barbara Church in Bärnbach. It was designed by Austrian architect Friedrich Stowasser (a.k.a. Friedensreich Hundertwasser). This church with its ceramic applications, colour tiles and crooked walls look like building from a fairy tale. It is surrounded by several gates which symbolise different religions of the world.

Next, I saw Federal Stud in Piber. In this place is located stud farm of Lipizzan – the breed of horse used in the classical dressage. Later, I stopped in Afling where I photographed horses who pastured near the road.

In Gustinus Ambrosi’s Museum

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

In the afternoon of 25th July 2019, I visited the nice Museum of Gustinus Ambrosi, located in Stallhofen. It is in the building which was inspired by the architecture of Tuscany. It was designed by Ambrosi to be his house and studio during retirement, but it was not finished before his death. In the Museum on the ground floor are numerous sculptures made of marble and plaster cast. Moreover, some of these works are in the library which is full of old, beautifully bound books. These sculptures depicting well-known people, saints, gods and supernatural beings from Greek (or Roman) mythology. Some of them, like one showing two dancing persons, are dynamic. On the first floor are several rooms which were equipped in Gothic beds, wardrobes and chairs.

It was a fantastic experience to visit this museum and to discover numerous captivating artworks.

In Wien

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 23rd July 2019, I visited the beautiful Vienna. I started my sightseeing in the Vienna Central Cemetery. Later, I visited the impressive Kunsthistorisches Museum. After the visit to the impressive Kunsthistorisches Museum, I decided to go for a walk and to see the old architecture of Vienna. I walked towards the Austrian Parliament Building. Unfortunately, it was during renovation and impossible to photograph. Next, I passed the Vienna City Hall and the University of Vienna. Later, I visited nice neo-Gothic Votivkirche (Eng. Votive Church) whose roof was covered with colourful tiles. After photographing of the interior of the above-mentioned church, I decided to return. On my way back, I saw the monument of my favourite composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Music of Mozart enraptured me since lower secondary school. I spend numerous hours engrossed in his symphonies, concertos, operas and incredible requiem. One of my dreams is to hear and see Mozart’s opera in Vienna or Salzburg. Later, I also photographed monument of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Finally, I saw majestic and enchanting St. Stephen’s Cathedral. This Gothic cathedral has an impressive interior. I was spellbound with these beautiful vaults, numerous lancet arches and ornaments of pillars.

St. Stephen’s Cathedral

 

That was my second visit to this nice city. Photos, which I took during my first sightseeing of Vienna, are presented in the gallery ‘Meine Reise nach Österreich’.

Kunsthistorisches Museum

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 23rd July 2019, I visited the beautiful Vienna. I started my sightseeing in the Vienna Central Cemetery. Later, I visited the impressive Kunsthistorisches Museum. This museum is devoted mainly to art but on the ground floor are exhibitions with various objects from ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, ancient Rome and Early Middle Ages. First room, which I visited in this museum, is devoted to the Early Middle Ages. In the several big showcases, nearly in completely dark, are presented inter alia rich jewellery, parts of the costume and metal vessels. Next exhibition which I saw is dedicated to ancient Greece. In several big rooms are presented various beautiful pots from the geometric period, red-figure pottery and ceramic in black-figure style. What is interesting, several pots are covered with bird-shaped ornaments (e.g. water birds, owls, poultry, flying birds) and one pot in the upper part was decorated with two tinny bird figurines. Moreover, I also observed one vessel (i.e. askos) which in the shape of a water bird (probably a duck). Following rooms, which I visited, are devoted to ancient Roman art. Last exhibitions, which I saw on this floor, are devoted to ancient Egypt. At these exhibitions are presented artefacts used in daily life (e.g. sandals, loom weights, parts of the costume, clothing), jewellery (e.g. wonderful necklaces), numerous figurines and sculptures (e.g. wonderful figurine of god Thoth), animal mummies (e.g. mummies of birds, crocodile) and multicoloured sarcophagi. In my opinion, the most fascinating were exhibitions of animal mummies and sarcophagi (placed in a huge room with ceiling and walls painted with depictions of daily life in ancient Egypt and otherworld).

Early Middle Ages

Ancient Greece

Ancient Egypt

I also saw numerous beautiful paintings (e.g. works by Giuseppe Arcimboldo, a large self-portrait by Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, ‘The Art of Painting’ by Johannes Vermeer, works by Pieter Bruegel the Elder) which are exhibited in various rooms upstairs.

Vienna Central Cemetery

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 23rd July 2019, I visited the beautiful Vienna. I started my sightseeing in the Vienna Central Cemetery. In this huge cemetery, located in the suburbs of Austrian capital, is the Funeral Museum. This museum is dedicated to funeral rituals and objects connected with burials from 18th to modern times. It is mainly focused on death rituals in Austria. Vienna Central Cemetery consists of several dark rooms and each of them is devoted to different sphere related to burial. The first room is dedicated to the clothing of mourners and the dead. In it can be seen inter alia black dress from 19th century, jewellery (from 19th and early 20th centuries) and funeral wreath (from 19th century) which was placed on the head of dead. In the following big room, are exhibited very different objects connected with burial rituals. In it are presented inter alia death masks, horse hearse, horse harness used during funerals, uniforms of the coffin bearers, various coffins (including reusable coffin with a bottom which could be opened) and different colourful urns (including an urn which could be painted by mourners). What is interesting, in the one showcase is presented diamond made of human ashes. Next room is dedicated to the Vienna Central Cemetery. Last room is devoted to the modern cremation process. In it were presented and discussed in the posters various parts of crematorium and phases of cremation.

Exhibitions in the Funeral Museum are a very interesting presentation of the early Modern funeral customs. It allows visitors to observe how burial rituals, funeral fashion and body containers changed in the course of time.

After my visit to the Funeral Museum, I saw part of the Vienna Central Cemetery which is close to the building of the museum. In this part of this huge cemetery are in majority inhumation graves with old impressive grave monuments. These grave monuments are often decorated with beautiful sculptures depicting Victoria (Roman goddess of victory), angels, depictions of dead and even sphinxes. I also observed that one grave is decorated with beautiful mosaic. What is more, on the top of the grave monument of Eduard Albert (Czech surgeon, professor and historian) and Anton Schrötter von Kristelli (Austrian chemist and mineralogist) are placed sculptures of owls. On the first of the above-mentioned grave monuments bird perching on a sphere surrounded by olive branches. On the Anton Schrötter von Kristelli’s grave monument owl resting on different objects (e.g. scrolls, book, bottle) which probably symbolising occupation of the dead. It should be mentioned that owls are not the common decoration of the grave monuments. During my numerous visits to cemeteries in the various countries (see the summary of my cemetery wandering in the post ‘In Chester’) I observed only two grave monuments with depictions of owls – one in Århus and second in Copenhagen.

During my visit to Vienna Central Cemetery, I also observed that in this cemetery were not only buried people from different European countries but also from Asia, who have inscriptions in grave monuments only in their languages.

Overall, Vienna Central Cemetery very green, full of grass, old trees and chirping birds. In the several parts of the cemetery are different buildings which are chapels, crematorium and St. Charles Borromeo Cemetery Church. Moreover, this cemetery has several sections dedicated to the various religions and burials of children. In this cemetery is also Anatomy Memorial dedicated to the people who donated their bodies to science.

Vienna Central Cemetery is the biggest cemetery in Vienna and in my opinion impossible to see for one day. It is the biggest and most complex cemetery I visited.

 

Bärenschützklamm (My 300th Gallery on HrafnPhoto)

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 22nd July 2019, I hiked in a beautiful place located in Mixnitz. For several hours I walked a path named Bärenschützklamm. This steep, narrow path, consisting of over fifty wooden ladders, lead among rocks, through forests and by wonderful waterfalls. During my walk, I also heard several species of birds including common raven (Corvus corax) and golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos). Furthermore, I saw, for several seconds, a small bird which looked for me like Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus). By the end of the Bärenschützklamm, I accidentally heard a rustle in bushes located on a hill nearby. After several seconds appeared majestic young Alpine ibex (Capra ibex). It was the first time when I saw this wonderful animal in the wild!

Bärenschützklamm

Alpine ibex (Capra ibex)

In Archäologiemuseum

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 21st July 2019, I visited Archaeology Museum (Archäologiemuseum) in Graz. This museum is close to baroque Eggenberg Palace. In the separate building are several exhibitions dedicated to the different artefacts dated to the Bronze Age, Iron Age and Antiquity. In the fist, very bright room are sculptures, grave monuments and charming mosaic from ancient Rome. Following room is dedicated to finds in turn from ancient Egypt, Iron Age, Neolithic, Bronze Age, ancient Rome and Roman Iron Age. Among numerous Bronze Age weaponry, Iron Age jewellery and impressive metal cauldrons are presented two remarkable artefacts – Strettweg Cult Wagon (dated to from old to young Hallstatt period) and bronze mask and hands from Kleinklein (dated to young Hallstatt period). It should be also mentioned that part of this quite big room was devoted to interactive archaeology laboratory in which children (and adults also) can see how archaeologist work and try to excavate some replicas of finds, measure them and finally describe (or draw) these objects.

In the Archaeology Museum (Archäologiemuseum)

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Greece

Ancient Rome

Bronze Age

Iron Age

In Graz

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 21st July 2019, I visited a nice Graz – one of the biggest cities in Austria. I started my sightseeing at baroque Eggenberg Palace. This construction is surrounded by a beautiful park with numerous old trees and flowers. After a short walk in the park, I saw a fascinating Archaeology Museum (Archäologiemuseum), located near the palace. In this museum are presented various artefacts dated to the Bronze Age, Iron Age and Antiquity. Later, I visited the collection of art in Eggenberg Palace. Next, I moved to see the old part of the city – beautiful old town hall and clock tower.

That was my second visit to this nice city. Photos, which I took during my first sightseeing of Graz, are presented in the gallery ‘Meine Reise nach Österreich’.

Park near Eggenberg Palace

In Eggenberg Palace

In Graz

In Mikulov

By the end of last month, I visited the eastern part of Austria. Between 20th and 27 July 2019, I saw beautiful places, nice architecture, exhibitions in fascinating museums and old cemetery in Bärnbach, Graz, Mixnitz, Stallhofen, Voitsberg and Wien (Vienna).

On 20th July 2019, during travel to Austria, I visited a nice small town in the Czech Republic. Mikulov is in the south-eastern part of Moravia, close to the border of Austria. In this charming place are beautiful, colourful tenements, nice market square (with one building covered with various ornaments in sgraffito technique), castle and impressive Dietrichstein tomb.

Castle in Mikulov is on a hill, which towering above the whole city. The present appearance this construction owed to Dietrichstein, noble Austrian family which ruled in Mikulov in the 18th century¹. What is interesting, in the one tower of this castle are numerous nests of common swifts (Apus apus) which flying above this town.

¹ Source: http://www.rmm.cz/czech/historie_zamek_en.html, accessed 5 August 2019.